His main research interests are bioinformatics, heterogeneous data modeling, machine learning, and data analytics in the fields of infection and immunity, and cancer biology. Jiangning is currently an Associate Editor of BMC Bioinformatics (one of the three top-tier specialist journals in Bioinformatics), Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics (top-tier bioinformatics journal), Frontiers in Bioinformatics, and Protein & Peptide Letters, an Advisory Board Member of Current Protein & Peptide Science, a Guest Editor of Current Bioinformatics and BioMed Res International and an Editor of BMC Supplements. He is the Program Committee (PC) Co-Chair of the 30th International Conference on Genome Informatics (GIW) & Australian Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Society (ABACBS) Annual Conference, which will be held in Sydney on 9-11 December 2019. He is also the PC Co-Chair of the 10th International Conference on Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics (ICBBB) 2020, which will be held in Kyoto, Japan, during January 19-22, 2020. He has an honorary position as Associate Professor at the Bioinformatics Center, Institute for Chemical Research and is an International Expert Committee member on Bioinformatics, the International Joint Usage/Research Center (iJURC), Kyoto University, Japan. He joined the Monash University's Centre to Impact AMR as a founding member in 2020 and chairs the bioinformatics and computational biomedicine group. He is currently developing the Centre’s AMR Big Data and AI-Driven research capacity.

Jiangning is a recipient of the NHMRC Peter Doherty Biomedical Fellowship (undertaken at Monash University, Australia) and both JSPS Long-term and Short-term Fellowships (undertaken at Kyoto University, Japan). He is a PC member for more than 20 international conferences on bioinformatics, computational biology, health informatics and e-Science, including BIBM, IEEE e-Science, InCoB, ISB, ICPB, ICIC, IIBM, and GIW. He is an invited reviewer for >60 journals (on average 50-80 reviews per year) in bioinformatics, computational biology, machine learning, data mining, systems biology, and chemoinformatics, including top-tier journals Briefings in Bioinformatics, Bioinformatics, Nucleic Acids Res, PLoS Comput Biol, J Theor Biol, Pattern Recog, Neurocomputing, Mol Cell Proteomics, BMC Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol and Bioinform, J Comput Chem, J Chem Info Model, and BMC Syst Biol.