Seismology and Geodynamics. My group studies the structure of the earth’s interior, from crust to core. We want to understand its heat and material flows, which move slowly on a human timescale, but vigorously on geological time scales. These flows drive the motions of tectonic plates, formation of oceans, volcanism, and continental tectonics — surface observables that we link to 3-D images of mantle structure at depth.

Our primary tool is seismic tomography, an imaging technique that computes three-dimensional models of the earth’s interior. Essentially, it maps out the anomalously hot, cold, or dense regions that drive convection in the mantle. We specialize in cutting-edge methods for waveform inversion. PhD projects would typically advance the techniques of seismic tomography, and/or apply these tools to new, rapidly growing data sets.