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Vascular cell reactivity encompassing platelet function, endothelial function, monocyte/macrophage function and the interactions between them (adhesion molecules viz lCAM, VCAM, P-selectin, L-selectin, E-selectin, etc.). Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in diabetes, atherosclerosis, hypertension, aging, infection, etc. and a consequential damage to lipids, proteins and DNA. Regulation of aromatase, the effect of estrogen on estrogen receptor, androgen receptor and glucocortico receptor (elucidationi of pre- and post-receptor mechanisms in menopause, etc.). Venous reactivity with measurements of venous diameter and flow velocity and the effect of various drugs in NIDDM, IDDM, and IGT. Genetic regulation of aromatase and estrogen receptor. The role of nitric oxide in vascular reactivity, vis-a-vis various complications of diabetes and other factors involved with vascular reactivity. Effects of endotoxin on adhesion molecules, PAF, platelets, ROS and procalcitonin. Areas of interest: Evaluation of population health interventions; health information systems in less developed settings; broader determinants of health; research capacity in less developed settings; HIV/AIDS; visual impairment and blindness Lalit Dandona, MD, MPH, is Distinguished Research Professor and Director of the Wellcome Trust Capacity Building Programme-1 at the Public Health Foundation of India in New Delhi, and Professor of Global Health at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA. Prof. Dandona and his research teams have carried out public health research in India for over 18 years on population health measurement, health systems, intervention evaluation, research capacity, HIV/AIDS and blindness. Several of these research projects have been multi-country collaborations. Prof. Dandona has over 165 publications in peer-reviewed journals and has served on the editorial boards of 10 journals and as scientific reviewer for about 40 journals and several granting agencies. His profile was published in the Lancet in 2001 and he received the 2006 BioMed Central Research Award in Medicine for public health research on HIV in India. Prof. Dandona serves on the Advisory Board of the Global Health Initiative, University of Chicago, USA, and has served as a technical expert for Professorial appointments at the University of Sydney,the National University of Singapore and the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Prof. Dandona received his medical training at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi, the Johns Hopkins University and the University of Maryland Schools of Medicine in Baltimore, USA, and his public health training at the Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health. He previously served as Professor and Chair of International Public Health at the University of Sydney School of Public Health, and Professor and Director of the Centre for Human Development at the Administrative Staff College of India. Prof. Dandona has taught researchers, policymakers and public health practitioners, and has served as a technical expert in public health for governments, international organizations and funding agencies. Selected publications: Cowling K, Dandona R, Dandona L. Improving the estimation of the tuberculosis burden in India. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2014; 92: 817-825. Kumar GA, Dandona R, Chaman P, Singh P, Dandona L. A population-based study of neonatal mortality and maternal care utilization in the Indian state of Bihar. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2014; 14: 357. Cowling K, Dandona R, Dandona L. Social determinants of health in India: progress and inequities across states. International Journal for Equity in Health2014; 13: 88. http://www.equityhealthj.com/content/13/1/88 Raban MZ, Dandona R, Dandona L. Variations in catastrophic health expenditure estimates from household surveys in India. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2013; 91: 726-735.