Dr. Chen received his B.Sc. degree (1970) in nuclear engineering at the National Tsing Hua University, and his M.Sc. degree (1973) and Ph.D. degree (1976) in electrical engineering and computer sciences at the University of California, Berkeley. He has joined the National Tsing Hua University since 1976 and is currently a Distinguished Chair Professor of the Department of Computer Science and a Lifelong National Chair of the Ministry of Education. He has served as Department Chairman, the founding Director of the Computer and Communication Research Center, the founding Dean of College of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, and the Vice Chancellor (in Research) of the University System of Taiwan, an alliance of four premier research universities in northern Taiwan. Dr. Chen has also served as science and technology advisor and the Director of the Science & Technology Advisory Office, Ministry of Education, Taiwan. From 2006 to 2010, he was the President of National Tsing Hua University. In March 2012, he joined the Academia Sinica as a Distinguished Research Fellow of the Institute of Information Science.

Dr. Chen has served as consultant and advisor in various levels of Taiwan government and industrial research organizations including Ministry of Economic Affairs, Institute for Information Industry, and Industrial Technology Research Institute. From 1990 for 14 years, he served as co-chairman and chairman of the technical evaluation committee of the industrial technology research grants program of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, which is recognized as one of the most successful programs in advancing industrial technologies in Taiwan. From July 2006 for 4 years, he was a science and technology advisor of the Executive Yuan of Taiwan. Starting in January 2011, he is the Program Director of the National Program for Intelligent Electronics of the National Science Council, aiming at developing advanced and innovative industrial technologies for bio-medical, green, automotive, and ICT electronics.