RNA-binding protein-mediated translational repression of transgene expression in plants

R. Eric Cerny,Youlin Qi, Carrie M. Aydt,Shihshieh Huang, Jennifer J. Listello, Brandon J. Fabbri, Timothy W. Conner, Lyle Crossland,Jintai Huang

Plant Molecular Biology(2003)

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We have demonstrated that RNA-binding proteins from coliphages and yeast can function as translational repressors in plants. RNA sequences called translational operators were inserted at a cap-proximal position in the 5′-UTR of mRNAs of two reporter genes, gus or aroA :CP4. Translation of the reporter mRNAs was efficiently repressed when the RNA binding protein that specifically binds to its cognate operator was co-expressed. The efficiency of translational repression by RNA-binding protein positively correlated with the amount of binding protein in transformed plant cells. Detailed studies on coliphage MS2 coat protein-mediated translational repression also suggested that the efficiency of translational repression was position-dependent. A translational operator situated at the cap-proximal position was more efficient in conferring repression than one that was placed cap-distal. Translational repression can be an efficient means for regulation of transgene expression, thereby broadening current approaches for transgene regulation in plants.
cap-binding site,coat protein,coliphage,translation regulation
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