Interstitial cells of cajal in patients with constipation due to total colonic inertia.
JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE SURGERY（2015）
Colonic wall contains interstitial cells of Cajal. In view of studies demonstrating that Cajal cells generate electric waves which are presumably responsible for colonic motor activity, and that these waves are absent in total colonic inertia, we investigated the hypothesis that colonic Cajal cells might be disordered in patients with total colonic inertia. The study comprised 28 patients (age 41.6 +/- 8.2 SD years, 19 women, 9 men) with total colonic inertia in whom total colectomy was performed. Colonic specimens obtained from normal segments of the excised colon of 24 cancer patients acted as controls. Specimens were subjected to c-kit immunohistochemistry. Controls for antisera specificity consisted of tissue incubated with normal rabbit serum that had been substituted for the primary antiserum. C-kit-positive branched Cajal-like cells were detected in the musculature of the normal colonic segments. They were distinguishable from the C-kit-negative smooth muscle cells and the C-kit-positive but unbranched mast cells. No Cajal cells were detected in colon of total colonic inertia patients. The absence of Cajal cells in patients with total colonic inertia can be assumed to explain the absence of electric waves and motile activity previously reported in these patients. Further studies are needed to investigate the cause of Cajal-cell absence.更多
colonic motility,electric waves,mast cells,smooth muscle cells