An evaluation of pain-related anxiety among daily cigarette smokers in terms of negative and positive reinforcement smoking outcome expectancies

Addictive Behaviors, pp. 553-557, 2010.

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Abstract:

The present investigation sought to evaluate the unique explanatory relevance of pain-related anxiety in relation to negative and positive reinforcement smoking outcome expectancies among 135 (40.7% female; Mage=26.11, SD=11.23) adult daily cigarette smokers. As predicted, pain-related anxiety was significantly related to greater expectan...More

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