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5 Conclusions The results of our study show that a higher score in the Swedish military enlistmen test is associated with a higher return to schooling

Ability and rates of return to schooling—making use of the Swedish enlistment battery test

Journal of Population Economics, no. 3 (2008): 703-717

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摘要

Using the Swedish military enlistment test, this paper estimates the return to schooling for individuals belonging to different parts of the ability distribution. It also attempts to predict whether an endogenous test score causes bias in the “ability-specific” returns to schooling that varies with the test score. A significant finding ...更多

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简介
  • Since Becker (1975), ability has been expected to affect the rate of return to investments in education.
  • It is only until recently that empirical research has started to examine more thoroughly the heterogeneity in the returns to education and deviations from the average return to education.
重点内容
  • Since Becker (1975), ability has been expected to affect the rate of return to investments in education
  • 5 Conclusions The results of our study show that a higher score in the Swedish military enlistmen test is associated with a higher return to schooling
  • Referring to an averag return to schooling is a quite unsatisfactory measure for describing the return t schooling for individuals from the upper and lower part of the ability distribution Because the positive relationship between the return to schooling and the test score seems to be diminishing in the test score, it is primarily the ability-specific return
  • Using the sum of the separate test score results instead of G in the wage regressions does not change any of the results found in this paper
结果
  • Estimates of the average return to schooling are produced before estimating the ability-specific returns to schooling.
  • Controlling for ability, reduces the earnings premium for one more year of schooling by approximately 24%.
  • This is much in accordance with results found elsewhere (Blackburn and Neumark 1995; Kjellstrom 1999).
  • The authors' estimate of the average return to schooling, indicates that the return to schooling has increased even more since 2000 16.
  • The average return to increasing the test score by one level is 0.04
结论
  • The results of the study show that a higher score in the Swedish military enlistmen test is associated with a higher return to schooling.
  • Referring to an averag return to schooling is a quite unsatisfactory measure for describing the return t schooling for individuals from the upper and lower part of the ability distribution Because the positive relationship between the return to schooling and the test score seems to be diminishing in the test score, it is primarily the ability-specific return.
  • Taking into a the possible e to schooling individuals in individuals fr two log point academic earn the ability d.
总结
  • Introduction:

    Since Becker (1975), ability has been expected to affect the rate of return to investments in education.
  • It is only until recently that empirical research has started to examine more thoroughly the heterogeneity in the returns to education and deviations from the average return to education.
  • Results:

    Estimates of the average return to schooling are produced before estimating the ability-specific returns to schooling.
  • Controlling for ability, reduces the earnings premium for one more year of schooling by approximately 24%.
  • This is much in accordance with results found elsewhere (Blackburn and Neumark 1995; Kjellstrom 1999).
  • The authors' estimate of the average return to schooling, indicates that the return to schooling has increased even more since 2000 16.
  • The average return to increasing the test score by one level is 0.04
  • Conclusion:

    The results of the study show that a higher score in the Swedish military enlistmen test is associated with a higher return to schooling.
  • Referring to an averag return to schooling is a quite unsatisfactory measure for describing the return t schooling for individuals from the upper and lower part of the ability distribution Because the positive relationship between the return to schooling and the test score seems to be diminishing in the test score, it is primarily the ability-specific return.
  • Taking into a the possible e to schooling individuals in individuals fr two log point academic earn the ability d.
表格
  • Table1: Table 1
  • Table2: OLS earnings equation estimates
  • Table3: Descriptive statistics for the educationa
Download tables as Excel
基金
  • Information is missing for one, two, or three of the separate test score results for 2.7% of the observations
研究对象与分析
individuals: 280649
By excluding the first- and second-generation immigrants and the adopted, we avoid problems with ethnic discrimination in the labour market. Furthermore, because we estimate an earnings equation, only men that meet the following conditions are included in our analysis: (1) those aged 30 or above (which gives us a sample of 280,649 individuals); (2) individuals who are employed and who have not been studying during any part of the year 2001 (which reduces the sample to 243,395 individuals); (3) those with an income from work above SEK 80,000 (about 8,700 euros). Conditional on these restrictions, a final sample of 228,840 individuals is obtained

individuals: 228840
Furthermore, because we estimate an earnings equation, only men that meet the following conditions are included in our analysis: (1) those aged 30 or above (which gives us a sample of 280,649 individuals); (2) individuals who are employed and who have not been studying during any part of the year 2001 (which reduces the sample to 243,395 individuals); (3) those with an income from work above SEK 80,000 (about 8,700 euros). Conditional on these restrictions, a final sample of 228,840 individuals is obtained. Our earnings variable is a measure of annual income from work for the year 2001

引用论文
  • Angrist JD, Krueger AB (1991) Does compulsory school attendance affect schooling and earnings? Q J Econ 106(4):979-1014
    Google ScholarLocate open access versionFindings
  • Antelius J, Bjorklund A (2000) How reliable are register data for studies of the return on schooling? An examination of Swedish data. Scand J Educ Res 44(4):34 1-355
    Google ScholarLocate open access versionFindings
  • Becker GS (1975) Human capital, 2nd ed. University of Chicago Press, Chicago Bjorklund A, Edin P-A, Fredriksson P, Krueger AB (2004) Education, equality and efficiency - an analysis of Swedish school reforms during the 1990s, IFAU report 2004: 1. Institute For Labour Market Policy Evaluations, Uppsala Blackburn ML, Neumark D (1995) Are OLS estimates of the return to schooling biased downward? Another look. Rev Econ Stat 77(2):2 17-230 Card D (1999) The causal effect of education on earnings. In: Ashenfelter O, Card D (eds) Handbook of labor economics, vol 3.
    Google ScholarLocate open access versionFindings
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