Removal of soluble selenium by a selenate-reducing bacterium Bacillus sp. SF-1.
In order to develop a biological process for removal of selenium from industrial wastewater, Bacillus sp. strain SF-1 was isolated from selenium-contaminated sediment. The bacterium reduces selenate to selenite and subsequently to nontoxic insoluble elemental selenium using lactate as an electron donor and selenate as an electron acceptor in an anaerobic condition. Elemental selenium transformed from soluble selenium was deposited both inside and outside of the cells. Since the selenate reduction rate of the strain SF-1 was higher than the selenite reduction rate, selenite was transiently accumulated. In an experiment of the repeated soluble selenium reduction by strain SF-1, 0.5 mM of selenate was sequentially treatable with a cycle of one day. Thus, our sequential system for removal of soluble selenium is very useful.更多
selenate reduction,selenite reduction,Bacillus sp SF-1,wastewater treatment