Direct Studies on the Lithium-Storage Mechanism of Molybdenum Disulfide

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS(2017)

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摘要
Transition metal sulfides are regarded as a type of high-performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries (LIBs). However, their electrochemical process and lithium-storage mechanism are complicated and remain controversial. This work is intended to give the direct observation on the electrochemical behavior and find out the lithium-storage mechanism of molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) using in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We find that single-crystalline MoS 2 nanosheets convert to Mo nanograins (~2 nm) embedded in Li 2 S matrix after the first full lithiation. After the delithiation, the Mo nanograins and Li 2 S transform to a large number of lamellar MoS 2 nanocrystals. The discharge-charge cycling of MoS 2 in LIBs is found to be a fully reversible conversion between MoS 2 and Mo/Li 2 S rather than the electrochemical conversion between S and Li 2 S proposed by many researchers. The in situ real-time characterization results give direct evidence and profound insights into the lithium-storage mechanism of MoS 2 as anode in LIBs.
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关键词
Energy storage,Materials for energy and catalysis,Science,Humanities and Social Sciences,multidisciplinary
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