Genomic Analysis of sp. Strain SCT, an Iodate-Reducing Bacterium Isolated from Marine Sediment, Reveals a Possible Use for Bioremediation.


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Strain SCT is an iodate-reducing bacterium isolated from marine sediment in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. In this study, we determined the draft genome sequence of strain SCT and compared it to complete genome sequences of other closely related bacteria, including Pseudomonas stutzeri. A phylogeny inferred from concatenation of core genes revealed that strain SCT was closely related to marine isolates of P. stutzeri. Genes present in the SCT genome but absent from the other analyzed P. stutzeri genomes comprised clusters corresponding to putative prophage regions and possible operons. They included pil genes, which encode type IV pili for natural transformation; the mer operon, which encodes resistance systems for mercury; and the pst operon, which encodes a Pi-specific transport system for phosphate uptake. We found that strain SCT had more prophage-like genes than the other P. stutzeri strains and that the majority (70%) of them were SCT strain-specific. These genes, encoded on distinct prophage regions, may have been acquired after branching from a common ancestor following independent phage transfer events. Thus, the genome sequence of Pseudomonas sp. strain SCT can provide detailed insights into its metabolic potential and the evolution of genetic elements associated with its unique phenotype.
marine sediment,iodate-reducing bacterium,strain SCT,Pseudomonas stutzeri,genome analysis,comparative genomics,phylogeny,gene conservation
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