Development of a structure-switching aptamer-based nanosensor for salicylic acid detection.

Changtian Chen, Silu Feng,Mian Zhou,Chonghui Ji,Long Que,Wei Wang

Biosensors and Bioelectronics(2019)

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Salicylic acid (SA) is a phytohormone regulating immune responses against pathogens. SA and its derivatives can be found in diverse food products, medicines, cosmetics and preservatives. While salicylates have potential disease-preventative activity, they can also cause health problems to people who are hypersensitive. The current SA detection methods are costly, labor-intensive and require bulky instruments. In this study, a structure-switching aptamer-based nanopore thin film sensor was developed for cost-effective, rapid, sensitive and simple detection of SA in both buffer and plant extracts. SA is a challenging target for aptamer selection using conventional systemic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) due to its small size and scarcity of reactive groups for immobilization. By immobilizing the SELEX library instead of SA and screening the library using a structure-switching SELEX approach, a high affinity SA aptamer was identified. The nanopore thin film sensor platform can detect as low as 0.1 μM SA. This is much better than the sensitivity of antibody-based detection method. This nanosensor also exhibited good selectivity among SA and its common metabolites and can detect SA in Arabidopsis and rice using only about 1 μl plant extracts within less than 30 min. The integration of SA aptamer and nanopore thin film sensor provides a promising solution for low-cost, rapid, sensitive on-site detection of SA.
Aptamer-based biosensing,Structure-switching SELEX,Nanopore thin film sensor,Salicylic acid detection,Plant extract
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