Gut Microbiota Is Not Involved in the Induction of Acute Phase Protein Expression Caused by Vitamin C Deficiency.

JOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCE AND VITAMINOLOGY(2020)

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摘要
Using rats, we previously found that vitamin C deficiency increases serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and glucocorticoid, and changes the gene expression of acute phase proteins (APP) in the liver. However, it remains unclear how vitamin C deficiency causes these inflammation-like responses. In this study, we investigated the possibility that changes in gut microbiota are involved in the induction of APP gene expression by vitamin C deficiency. ODS rats that cannot genetically synthesize vitamin C were divided into 4 groups based on the presence or absence of vitamin C or antibiotics and were raised for 15 d. Neomycin, vancomycin, and ampicillin were used as antibiotics, and 300 mg L-ascorbic acid/kg was added to the AIN93G diet. Vitamin C deficiency affected neither the wet tissue weights nor relative abundance of bacteria in the cecal contents. Antibiotic administration increased wet weights of the cecum, cecal contents, and colon, changed the relative abundance of some bacteria in the cecal contents, and decreased serum IL-6 level. However, antibiotic administration had no effect on serum concentrations of corticosterone and alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), vitamin C concentration in the liver, and mRNA levels of haptoglobin and AGP in the liver. Therefore, disturbance of gut microbiota did not attenuate the increase in glucocorticoid level and induction of APP gene expression due to vitamin C deficiency. This suggests that gut microbiota is not involved in the inflammation-like responses caused by vitamin C deficiency.
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关键词
alpha 1-acid glycoprotein,antibiotic,ascorbic acid,corticosterone,gut microbiota,haptoglobin,interleukin-6,ODS rats,orosomucoid
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