Contact lens induced bacterial keratitis in LCD II: Management and multimodal imaging: a case report and review of literature


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Purpose: To describe the management and multimodal imaging of lattice corneal dystrophy type II (LCD-II) complicated by an infectious keratitis due to a bandage contact lens and to review current literature. Observation: A 50-year-old female was diagnosed with Meretoja's Syndrome by the triad of facial palsy, loose skin (cutix laxa), and stromal corneal dystrophy. At slit lamp, bilateral lattice corneal dystrophy (LCD) was characterized by multiple linear refractile lines and subepithelial fibrosis along with Neurotrophic keratitis Mackie grade I. Findings of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) were epithelial irregularity, subepithelial fibrosis, hyperreflectivity on anterior stromal layer, lobulated stromal surface. In vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) showed hyperreflected deposits on the basal and Bowman layers, visible keratocytes; fine lines and streaks between corneal lamella. The sub-basal nerve plexus and the stromal nerves were no longer visible. She presented in emergency with a left red eye. A severe bacterial keratitis was diagnosed as a complication of a bandage contact lens used to treat recurrent epithelial erosion. Corneal anesthesia was complete. Corneal neovascularization was evident 10 weeks later and topical bevacizumab (5 mg/ml) was introduced twice daily. Partial regression of deep stromal vessels was noticed at 3 months. Conclusion: In Meretoja's syndrome, neurotrophic keratopathy secondary to polyneuropathy due to systemic amyloid deposits is present in the advanced stages, promotes recurrent corneal erosions. Corneal sensitivity test, AS-OCT and IVCM are crucial in the diagnosis behind any recurrent corneal erosion. The use of bandage contact lens should be avoided in Meretoja's syndrome to prevent a possible infectious keratitis.
Bandage contact lens, Lattice corneal dystrophy type II, keratitis, Meretoja's Syndrome, multimodal imaging
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