Physical-Layer Secret Key Generation via CQI-Mapped Spatial Modulation in Multi-Hop Wiretap Ad-Hoc Networks

IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security(2021)

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Providing security guarantee is a critical concern in the ad-hoc networks relying on multi-hop channels, since their flexible topology is vulnerable to security attacks. To enhance the security of a spatial modulation (SM) assisted wireless network, various SM mapping patterns are activated by random channel quality indicator (CQI) patterns over the legitimate link, as a physical-layer secret key. The SM signals are encrypted by random mapping patterns to prevent eavesdroppers from correctly demapping their detections. This secret key is developed for multi-hop wiretap ad-hoc networks, where eavesdroppers might monitor all the transmitting nodes of a legitimate link. We substantially characterise the multi-hop wiretap model with receiver diversity techniques adopted by eavesdroppers. The security performance of the conceived scheme is evaluated in the scenarios where eavesdroppers attempt to detect their received signals using maximal-ratio combining or maximum-gain selection. The achievable data rates of both legitimate and wiretapper links are formulated with the objective of quantifying the secrecy rates for both Gaussian-distributed and finite-alphabet inputs. Illustrative numerical results are provided for the metrics of ergodic secrecy rate and secrecy outage probability, which substantiate the compelling benefits of the physical-layer secret key generation via CQI-mapped SM.
Ad-hoc networks,channel quality indicator (CQI),multi-hop,multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) wiretap channel,physical layer security (PLS),secrecy rate,spatial modulation (SM)
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