Discovery Of 1,2,3-Selenadiazole Analogues As Antifungal Agents Using A Scaffold Hopping Approach


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With the increasing incidence of antifungal resistance, new antifungal agents having novel scaffolds hence are in an urgent need to combat infectious diseases caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens. In this study, we reported the design, synthesis, and pharmacological evaluation of novel 1,2,3-selenadiazole analogues by scaffold hopping strategy. Preliminary results of antifungal activity demonstrated that the new class of compounds showed broad-spectrum fungistatic and fungicidal activity. Most importantly, these newly synthesized compounds can eliminate these azole-resistant fungi and inhibit the formation of C. albicans biofilm. In particular, compound S07 showed promising antifungal activity against five azole-resistant strains with MIC values ranging from 4 to 32 mu g/mL. Then, further target identification and mechanistic studies indicated that representative compound S07 exert its inhibitory activity by inhibiting fungal lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase enzyme (CYP51). Interestingly, representative compounds showed low cytotoxicity on mammalian cell lines. In addition, the molecular docking studies elucidated the binding modes of these compounds toward CYP51. Altogether, these results suggest that compound S07 with novel skeleton is a promising CYP51 inhibitor for treatment of fungal infections.
Antifungal, 1, 2, 3-Selenadiazole, Azole-resistant, CYP51
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