Small molecule based EGFR targeting of biodegradable nanoparticles containing temozolomide and Cy5 dye for greatly enhanced image-guided glioblastoma therapy

Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine(2022)

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Current glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treatment is insufficient, facing obstacles like poor tumor accumulation and dose limiting side effects of chemotherapeutic agents. Targeted nanomaterials offer breakthrough potential in GBM treatment; however, traditional antibody-based targeting poses challenges for live brain application. To overcome current obstacles, we introduce here the development of a small molecule targeting agent, CFMQ, coupled to biocompatible chitosan coated poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid nanoparticles. These targeted nanoparticles enhance cellular uptake and show rapid blood–brain barrier (BBB) permeability in-vitro, demonstrating the ability to effectively deliver their load to tumor cells. Encapsulation of the chemotherapeutic agent, temozolomide (TMZ), decreases the IC50 ~34-fold compared to free-drug. Also, CFMQ synergistically suppresses tumor cell progression, reducing colony formation (98%), cell migration (84%), and cell invasion (77%). Co-encapsulation of Cy5 enables optical image guided therapy. This biocompatible theranostic nanoformulation shows early promise in significantly enhancing the efficacy of TMZ, while providing potential for image-guided therapy for GBM.
Small molecule targeting,Nanoparticle,Polymeric drug carrier,Cancer chemotherapy,Image guided therapy
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