Controlled Growth of Indium Selenides by High-Pressure and High-Temperature Method

FRONTIERS IN MATERIALS(2022)

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Abstract
The controlled growth of indium selenides has attracted considerable research interests in condensed matter physics and materials science yet remains a challenge due to the complexity of the indium-selenium phase diagram. Here, we demonstrate the successful growth of indium selenides in a controllable manner using the high-pressure and high-temperature growth technique. The gamma-InSe and alpha-In2Se3 crystals with completely different stoichiometries and stacking manner of atomic layers have been controlled grown by subtle tuning growth temperature, duration time, and growth pressure. The as-grown gamma-InSe crystal features a semiconducting property with a prominent photoluminescence peak of similar to 1.23 eV, while the alpha-In2Se3 crystal is ferroelectric. Our findings could lead to a surge of interest in the development of the controlled growth of high-quality van der Waal crystals using the high-pressure and high-temperature growth technique and will open perspectives for further investigation of fascinating properties and potential practical application of van der Waal crystals.
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Key words
indium selenides, controlled growth, high-pressure and high-temperature, photoluminescence, ferroelectricity
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