Do we have to pursue complete reduction after PVA in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures: a finite element analysis

Injury(2022)

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摘要
Background: Consensus regarding the optimal amount of bone cement and vertebral height in the treat-ment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) is lacking. Our purpose was to explore the optimal amount of bone cement and vertebral height in OVCF after percutaneous vertebral augmentation (PVA).Methods: A three-dimensional finite element model of the L1-L3 segments was constructed from CT scans of aging osteoporosis patients. Four different postoperative vertebral height models were simulated according to Genant semiquantitative grades 0, 1, 2, and 3. The volume of bone cement filling ranged from 3 ml to 6 ml. These models evaluated the von Mises stress of injured vertebral bodies, adjacent vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs under flexion, extension, left flexion, and right flexion after PVA. Results: When the bone cement content was held constant, as the height of the vertebral body decreased, the stress of the L2 vertebral body decreased during left flexion and right flexion, but the stress of the L2 vertebral body increased and decreased during flexion and extension. As the height of the vertebral body decreased, the stress of the L1-L2 intervertebral disc increased. There was no significant change in the stress of other adjacent vertebrae or intervertebral discs. When the Genant grade was 0, 1, or 2 (3 ml and 4 ml), the stress of the overall vertebral body was closest to normal.Conclusions: When the height of the vertebral body is restored to the same height, a bone cement filling volume of 3 ml to 6 ml is suitable and will not produce a significant change in the stress of the verte-bral body or adjacent vertebral body. As vertebral body height was lost, it may promote the degeneration of the intervertebral disc above the injury vertebrae after PVA. It is appropriate for the height of the vertebral body to return to Genant grade 0 or Genant grade 1 after surgery. When the height of the ver-tebral body has Genant grade 2 status, it was best to use 3 ml to 4 ml of bone cement filling. Therefore, when treating OVCFs, clinicians do not need to pursue complete reduction of the vertebral body. It is also important to verify the biomechanics results in clinical studies.(c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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关键词
Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures,OVCF,Bone cement,Vertebral height,Finite element analysis
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