Oxidizing Americium(III) with Sodium Bismuthate in Acidic Aqueous Solutions

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY(2022)

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Abstract
Historic perspectives describing f-elements as being redox "inactive" are fading. Researchers continue to discover new oxidation states that are not as inaccessible as once assumed for actinides and lanthanides. Inspired by those contributions, we studied americium(III) oxidation in aqueous media under air using NaBiO3(s). We identified selective oxidation of Am3+(aq) to AmO22+(aq) or AmO21+(aq) could be achieved by changing the aqueous matrix identity. AmO22+(aq) formed in H3PO4(aq) (1 M) and AmO21+(aq) formed in dilute HCl(aq) (0.1 M). These americyl products were stable for weeks in solution. Also included is a method to recover 243Am from the americium and bismuth mixtures generated during these studies.
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