# A new feature for handwritten signature image description based on local binary patterns

Informatics（2022）

Abstract

Objectives. The problem of describing the invariant features of a digital image of handwritten signature that describes the distribution of its local features is considered. The formation of fundamentally new approach to the calculation of such features is described.Methods. Digital image processing methods are used. First an image is converted into a binary representation, then its morphological and median filtering is performed. Then using the method of principal components, the image is rotated to give the signature a horizontal orientation. A rectangle describing the signature is cut out, then it is scaled to the template of a certain size. In the article the template of 300×150 pixels was used. Then the border of the signature is formed. Local binary patterns are calculated from its binary contour, i.e. each pixel is assigned a number from 0 to 255, which describes the location of the edge pixels in 3×3 neighborhood of each pixel. A histogram of calculated patterns for 256 intervals is formed. The first and last intervals are discarded because they correspond to all black and white pixels in the neighborhood and are not informative. The remaining 254 numbers of the array form new local features of the signature.Results. The studies were performed on the bases of digitized signatures TUIT and CEDAR containing true and fake signatures of 80 persons. The accuracy of correct verification of signatures on these bases was about 78 % and 70 %.Conclusion. The possibility of using the proposed possibilities for solving the problems of verifying the authenticity of handwritten signatures has been experimentally confirmed.

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Key words

handwritten signature image description,local binary patterns,feature

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