JOIST: A Joint Speech and Text Streaming Model for ASR

2022 IEEE Spoken Language Technology Workshop (SLT)(2023)

引用 16|浏览120
We present JOIST, an algorithm to train a streaming, cascaded, encoder end-to-end (E2E) model with both speech-text paired inputs, and text-only unpaired inputs. Unlike previous works, we explore joint training with both modalities, rather than pre-training and fine-tuning. In addition, we explore JOIST using a streaming E2E model with an order of magnitude more data, which are also novelties compared to previous works. Through a series of ablation studies, we explore different types of text modeling, including how to model the length of the text sequence and the appropriate text subword unit representation. We find that best text representation for JOIST improves WER across a variety of search and rare-word test sets by 4-14% relative, compared to a model not trained with text. In addition, we quantitatively show that JOIST maintains streaming capabilities, which is important for good user-level experience.
end-to-end ASR,long-tail
AI 理解论文