Current challenges on diagnosis and management of dental erosion- literature update and case report


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Aim of the study. The aim of the current study was to identify, analyze and systematize current information on the characteristics of dental erosion and to present a case report describing the clinical steps of a minimally invasive restorative technique in a patient with dental erosion. Methods. A systematic electronic search was carried out in four electronic databases (Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus), selecting articles published form 2018 to present date. After evaluation 55 studies were finally analysed. Results. The most common causes of dental erosion are gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), the consumption of acidic foods and drinks, bulimia, and certain medications. Environmental factors, such as exposure to sports drinks and acidic environmental vapors or industrial chemicals, can also contribute to dental erosion. Preventive measures include reducing risk factors, increasing protective factors and desensitization treatments. Restorative treatment involves minimally invasive additive strategies or more radical options, depending on case severity. Additionally, a case report is presented which describes the clinical steps of the Injection Moulding Technique, used for the management of dental erosion in a GERD patient. Conclusion: Recent years significant advances in understanding dental erosion have important implications for clinical practice and public health and highlight the need for continued targeted research in this area. Injection Moulding Technique is a novel, minimally invasive restorative option in clinical situations dealing with dental erosion, more consistent and predictable than freehand techniques.
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