Long-term prognosis of choroidal neovascularization complicating angioid streaks.

Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)(2023)

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摘要
PURPOSE:To report the very long-term visual prognosis of choroidal neovascularization complicating angioid streaks in the antivascular endothelial growth factor era. METHODS:Retrospective monocentric study aimed at analyzing patients' demographics, choroidal neovascularization features, angioid streak-associated conditions, and previous and current therapies for choroidal neovascularization. The main outcome measures were the quantitative measurement of central retinal pigment epithelial atrophy enlargement by comparing the ratio of pixels involved on automated infrared images acquired by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and the changes in best-corrected visual acuity. The secondary outcome measures were the number of intravitreal injections and the changes in central choroidal thickness and central retinal thickness. Subgroup analyzes were performed to compare macular atrophy extent between eyes of patients with or without proven pseudoxanthoma elasticum ("PXE" or "no PXE") and between eyes previously treated or not with photodynamic therapy ("PDT" or "no PDT"). RESULTS:Thirty-three eyes of 23 patients were included. The mean best-corrected visual acuity decreased significantly from 66 ± 19 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters at the time of the first antivascular endothelial growth factor injection to 52 ± 23 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters at the end of the follow-up (mean follow-up duration: 109 ± 42 months, range: 47-175 months). The ratio of central retinal pigment epithelial atrophy enlargement was 201%, 110%, 240%, and 111% in the PXE, no PXE, PDT, and no PDT groups, respectively. CONCLUSION:Despite the use of antivascular endothelial growth factor agents, the very long-term prognosis appeared relatively poor, especially in patients with PXE. This study also suggests that PDT should be used with caution in the management of choroidal neovascularization in eyes with angioid streaks.
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关键词
angioid streaks, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, choroidal neovascularization, anti-VEGF, photodynamic therapy
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