Comprehensive Armature Reaction Modeling and Flux Weakening Optimization of a Surface Permanent Magnet Vernier Motor

IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics(2023)

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Abstract
Surface permanent magnet vernier motors (SPMVMs) possess the potential for direct-drive applications due to the feature of high torque density. This article presents a deep investigation into the armature reaction modeling and a semianalytical optimization framework considering the constant power speed range (CPSR) in the flux weakening region for the SPMVM. The new armature reaction model can identify the armature air gap flux density of each harmonic component and armature flux linkage accurately, by conducting harmonics analysis, slot leakage flux computation, and slotting effect evaluation, permitting to calculate the inductance. Then, the results from the armature reaction model and those obtained from finite element analysis at the rated operating point together are applied to a comprehensive semianalytical motor optimization framework developed for SPMVMs. The optimization framework is able to reflect the motor performance metrics over the entire speed range, with torque density, power factor and CPSR as objectives. Finally, a prototype designed according to the tradeoffs of the optimization objectives is fabricated to confirm the validity of the armature reaction model and optimization framework.
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Key words
Armature reaction model,finite element analysis (FEA),optimization,permanent magnet (PM),vernier motor
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