# Detection of Dense Subhypergraphs by Low-Degree Polynomials

arxiv（2023）

Abstract

Detection of a planted dense subgraph in a random graph is a fundamental statistical and computational problem that has been extensively studied in recent years. We study a hypergraph version of the problem. Let G^r(n,p) denote the r-uniform Erdős-Rényi hypergraph model with n vertices and edge density p. We consider detecting the presence of a planted G^r(n^γ, n^-α) subhypergraph in a G^r(n, n^-β) hypergraph, where 0< α < β < r-1 and 0 < γ < 1. Focusing on tests that are degree-n^o(1) polynomials of the entries of the adjacency tensor, we determine the threshold between the easy and hard regimes for the detection problem. More precisely, for 0 < γ < 1/2, the threshold is given by α = βγ, and for 1/2 ≤γ < 1, the threshold is given by α = β/2 + r(γ - 1/2). Our results are already new in the graph case r=2, as we consider the subtle log-density regime where hardness based on average-case reductions is not known. Our proof of low-degree hardness is based on a conditional variant of the standard low-degree likelihood calculation.

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