CLIP-VG: Self-paced Curriculum Adapting of CLIP via Exploiting Pseudo-Language Labels for Visual Grounding

CoRR(2023)

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Abstract
Visual Grounding (VG) refers to locating a region described by expressions in a specific image, which is a critical topic in vision-language fields. To alleviate the dependence on labeled data, existing unsupervised methods try to locate regions using task-unrelated pseudo-labels. However, a large proportion of pseudo-labels are noisy and diversity scarcity in language taxonomy. Inspired by the advances in V-L pretraining, we consider utilizing the VLP models to realize unsupervised transfer learning in downstream grounding task. Thus, we propose CLIP-VG, a novel method that can conduct self-paced curriculum adapting of CLIP via exploiting pseudo-language labels to solve VG problem. By elaborating an efficient model structure, we first propose a single-source and multi-source curriculum adapting method for unsupervised VG to progressively sample more reliable cross-modal pseudo-labels to obtain the optimal model, thus achieving implicit knowledge exploiting and denoising. Our method outperforms the existing state-of-the-art unsupervised VG method Pseudo-Q in both single-source and multi-source scenarios with a large margin, i.e., 6.78%~10.67% and 11.39%~24.87% on RefCOCO/+/g datasets, even outperforms existing weakly supervised methods. The code and models will be released at \url{https://github.com/linhuixiao/CLIP-VG}.
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