Electrohydrodynamics modeling of droplet actuation on a solid surface by surfactant-mediated electrodewetting

PHYSICAL REVIEW FLUIDS(2023)

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Abstract
We propose an electrohydrodynamics model to describe the dynamic evolution of a slender drop containing a dilute ionic surfactant on a naturally wettable surface, with a varying external electric field. This unified model reproduces fundamental microfluidic operations controlled by electrical signals, including dewetting, rewetting, and droplet shifting. In this paper, lubrication theory analysis and numerical simulations illustrate how to electrically control the wettability of surface via the charged surfactant. Our numerical results show that electric field promotes dewetting by attracting ionic surfactants onto the transition thin-film region and promotes rewetting by attracting them away from the region.
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Key words
droplet actuation,solid surface,surfactant-mediated
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