Long-Term Impact of N, P, K Fertilizers in Different Rates on Yield and Quality of Anisodus tanguticus (Maxinowicz) Pascher.

Plants (Basel, Switzerland)(2023)

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摘要
(Maxinowicz) Pascher (Solanaceae) is a traditional Chinese herb that is widely used in folklore and clinical practice. In recent years, wild populations have been severely impacted to the point of extinction due to over-harvesting and reclamation. Therefore, artificial cultivation is important to relieve the pressure of market demand and protect wild plant resources. Using a "3414" fertilization design, i.e., 3 factors (N, P, and K), 4 levels, and 14 fertilization treatments, with 3 replicates and a total of 42 experimental plots, was harvested in October 2020, June 2021, August 2021, and October 2021, and the yield and alkaloid content were determined. The study aimed to provide a theoretical basis and technical reference for the standardization of cultivation. Biomass accumulation and alkaloid content showed a trend of increasing and then decreasing with the application of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, and the biomass accumulation was the highest at the application levels of nitrogen and phosphorus in T6 and T9 and at the application levels of medium and low potassium. The alkaloid content showed an increasing trend between October of the first year and June of the second year and a decreasing trend in the second year with the increase in the harvesting period. Yield and alkaloid yield showed a decreasing trend between October of the first year and June of the second year and an increasing trend in the second year with the increase in the harvesting period. The recommended application rates are 225-300 kg/ha for nitrogen, 850-960 kg/ha for phosphorus, and 65-85 kg/ha for potassium.
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