Toxicity and mutagenicity studies of 6PPD-quinone in a marine invertebrate species and bacteria.

Environmental and molecular mutagenesis(2023)

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N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine-quinone (6PPD-quinone), an oxidation product of the tire additive, 6PPD, has been associated with high mortality of salmonids (0.1 μg/L). The objective of this study was to determine the acute toxicity using neonates and mutagenicity (micronuclei in hemolymph of exposed adults) of 6PPD-quinone in the marine amphipod Parhyale hawaiensis. Also we studied its mutagenicity in the Salmonella/microsome assay using five strains of Salmonella with and without metabolic system (rat liver S9, 5%). 6PPD-quinone did not present acute toxicity to P. hawaiensis from 31.25 to 500 μg/L. Micronuclei frequency increased after 96h-exposure to 6PPD-quinone (250 and 500 μg/L) when compared to the negative control. 6PPD-quinone also showed a weak mutagenic effect for TA100 only in the presence of S9. We conclude that 6PPD-quinone is mutagenic to P. hawaiensis and weakly mutagenic to bacteria. Our work provides information for future risk assessement of the presence of 6PPD-quinone in the aquatic environment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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