Femtosecond Laser-Driven Phase Engineering of WS2 for Nano-Periodic Phase Patterning and Sub-ppm Ammonia Gas Sensing

Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)(2023)

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Laser-driven phase transition of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides has attracted much attention due to its high flexibility and rapidity. However, there are some limitations during the laser irradiation process, especially the unsatisfied surface ablation, the inability of nanoscale phase patterning, and the unexploited physical properties of new phase. In this work, the well-controlled femtosecond (fs) laser-driven transformation from the metallic 2M-WS2 to the semiconducting 2H-WS2 is reported, which is confirmed to be a single-crystal to single-crystal transition without layer thinning or obvious ablation. Moreover, a highly ordered 2H/2M nano-periodic phase transition with a resolution of & AP;435 nm is achieved, breaking through the existing size bottleneck of laser-driven phase transition, which is attributed to the selective deposition of plasmon energy induced by fs laser. It is also demonstrated that the achieved 2H-WS2 after laser irradiation contains rich sulfur vacancies, which exhibits highly competitive ammonia gas sensing performance, with a detection limit below 0.1 ppm and a fast response/recovery time of 43/67 s at room temperature. This study provides a new strategy for the preparation of the phase-selective transition homojunction and high-performance applications in electronics.
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Key words
femtosecond lasers,tungsten disulfide,phase engineering,nano-periodic phase transition,sulfur vacancy,gas sensors
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