Ex vivo and In vitro antiplasmodial activities of approved drugs predicted to have antimalarial activities using chemogenomics and drug repositioning approach.


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High malaria mortality coupled with increased emergence of resistant multi-drug resistant strains of parasite, warrants the development of new and effective antimalarial drugs. However, drug design and discovery are costly and time-consuming with many active antimalarial compounds failing to get approved due to safety reasons. To address these challenges, the current study aimed at testing the antiplasmodial activities of approved drugs that were predicted using a target-similarity approach. This approach is based on the fact that if an approved drug used to treat another disease targets a protein similar to protein, then the drug will have a comparable effect on . In a previous study, antiplasmodial activities of 10 approved drugs was reported of the total 28 approved drugs In this study, six out of 18 drugs that were previously not tested, namely epirubicin, irinotecan, venlafaxine, palbociclib, pelitinib, and PD153035 were tested for antiplasmodial activity. The drug susceptibility assays against five reference strains (D6, 3D7, W2, DD2, and F32 ART) and assays against fresh clinical isolates were done using the malaria SYBR Green I assay. Standard antimalarial drugs were included as controls. Epirubicin and irinotecan showed excellent antiplasmodial activity against field isolates with mean IC values of 0.044 ± 0.033 μM and 0.085 ± 0.055 μM, respectively. Similar activity was observed against W2 strain where epirubicin had an IC value of 0.004 ± 0.0009 μM, palbociclib 0.056 ± 0.006 μM, and pelinitib 0.057 ± 0.013 μM For the DD2 strain, epirubicin, irinotecan and PD 153035 displayed potent antiplasmodial activity (IC < 1 μM). Epirubicin and irinotecan showed potent antiplasmodial activities (IC < 1 μM) against DD2, D6, 3D7, and F32 ART strains and field isolates This shows the potential use of these drugs as antimalarials. All the tested drugs showed antiplasmodial activities with IC values below 20 μM, which suggests that our target similarity-based strategy is successful at predicting antiplasmodial activity of compounds thereby circumventing challenges in antimalarial drug discovery.
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Key words
Antiplasmodial,Chemogenomics,Drug reportioning,Irinotecan,Epirubicin,Ex vivo,Plasmodium falciparum
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