Clinical impact of capsule endoscopy on patients with suspected small bowel bleeding: Experience at a highly specialized hospital in Colombia

C. J. Vargas-Potes, I. L. Zapata-Vasquez, N. E. Rojas-Rojas, C. A. Rojas-Rodriguez

REVISTA DE GASTROENTEROLOGIA DE MEXICO(2024)

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Abstract
Introduction and aims: Capsule endoscopy is part of the diagnostic approach to patients with suspected small bowel bleeding and data on its clinical impact are still limited in developing countries. The primary aim of the present study was to determine its impact on subsequent diagnostic and therapeutic decisions. Material and methods: A retrospective study was conducted that included all the patients that underwent capsule endoscopy with the PillCam (TM) SB 3 Capsule system due to suspected small bowel bleeding treated at the Hospital Universitario Fundaci & oacute;n Valle del Lili between January 2011 and December 2020. Results: A total of 158 patients met the inclusion criteria. Mean patient age was 63 years (interquartile range [IQR], 52-74), 53.6% of the patients were women, and high blood pressure was the most frequent comorbidity (43.7%). The main indication was overt bleeding (58.2%). Of all the capsule endoscopies carried out, 63.9% showed lesions that were potentially responsible for bleeding. Medical or surgical treatment was indicated in 63.3% of the case total. Rebleeding at 6 months occurred in 15 patients and there were 2 deaths due to gastrointestinal bleeding at 6 months. Conclusions: Capsule endoscopy has a high impact on patients with suspected small bowel bleeding, with respect to clinical decision-making, as well as rebleeding, hospitalization, and mortality outcomes. The positivity rate of lesions potentially responsible for bleeding was similar to that reported in developed countries.
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Key words
Endoscopic capsule,Small bowel bleeding,Overt bleeding,Occult bleeding
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