Atomistic insights on enhanced passivity: DFT study of substitutional Mo on Cr2O3 and Fe2O3 surfaces

Corrosion Science(2023)

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摘要
Substitution of a metal cation by Mo and its effects on vacancy formation on (0001)-oriented chromia and hematite surfaces were studied using DFT calculations to provide atomistic insights on the experimentally observed Mo-enhanced passivity. The substitution is favoured energetically, resulting in Mo more enriched in the Fe-rich than in the Cr-rich oxide zones in passive oxide films. The presence of substitutional Mo disfavours the formation of O vacancies and favours metal vacancies, more significantly in Fe2O3 than in Cr2O3, suggesting a prevention of passivity breakdown in chloride-rich environment and a cure of the Fe-rich weak sites of passivity by Mo.
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