Study on effect of viscosity on thickness of boundary layer in tight reservoir

Geoenergy Science and Engineering(2023)

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Abstract
It has become a consensus that viscosity has an important impact on boundary layer of tight reservoirs. However, there are few quantitative studies on the effect of viscosity on boundary layer by core experiments. NMR analysis based on high-speed centrifugal gas-water and gas-oil displacement and low-temperature adsorption experiment were implemented in this study on typical tight reservoir parallel cores of Ordos and Bohai Bay basins. Total bound water/oil saturation, specific surface area and ratio of micro pore of the reservoir quantitatively were finally obtained, which were used for calculating irreducible water/oil film thickness of reservoir and analyzing influence of viscosity on movable oil and boundary layer. Research show that, movable oil saturation of core saturated high viscosity oil is 23.92% and 18.61% lower than that of core saturated low viscosity oil and water respectively, and effective seepage space is greatly reduced. The lower permeability reservoir has, the greater reduction movable space with high viscosity oil of reservoir owns. The average bound water film thickness of Ordos and Bohai Bay basin cores is 17.74 nm and 16.99 nm, respectively. The average bound oil film boundary of core in Ordos Basin is 20.72 nm. The average thickness of high viscous oil film of core in Bohai Bay basin is 38.10 nm, and the thickness of low viscosity oil film is 18.80 nm. The oil-water viscosity ratio in Ordos Basin is small, and oil-water film thickness is close, indicating that fluid viscosity has little influence on boundary layer thickness of target reservoir. The low viscosity oil-water viscosity ratio in Bohai Bay basin is small, and oil-water film thickness is close. The thickness of high viscosity oil film is more than twice that of low viscosity oil film and water film. When the oil viscosity is higher than 8.9 mPa s, thickness of boundary layer will be greatly affected, leading to a significant reduction of effective seepage throat, a significant increase of seepage resistance and development difficulty.
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Key words
viscosity,boundary layer,thickness
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