Multi-Output RNN-T Joint Networks for Multi-Task Learning of ASR and Auxiliary Tasks

ICASSP 2023 - 2023 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)(2023)

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We propose a multi-output joint network architecture for RNN-T transducer, for multi-task modeling of ASR and auxiliary tasks that rely on ASR outputs. Each output of the joint network predicts tar-get labels with disjoint vocabularies for each task, while sharing the same audio features by the encoder and language model features by the prediction network. Each task is trained with an RNN-T loss that marginalizes over all possible paths, and we allow multiple tasks to share the blank logit so that they are synchronized. We demonstrate our method on two auxiliary tasks, namely capitalization and pause prediction, and discuss different considerations for modeling and inference procedures. For capitalization, we successfully distill capitalization labels from a standalone text normalization model, and achieve competitive Uppercase Error Rate (UER) while offering streaming capability and improved inference efficiency. In addition, our model has similar capitalization accuracy compared to a mixed-case ASR model, but obtains improved WERs if integrated with external language models. For pause prediction, we achieve the same performance as the previous two-step approach while providing a simpler training recipe without affecting ASR accuracy.
End-to-end ASR,RNN-Transducer,joint network,capitalization,pause prediction
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