Bibliometric analysis and systematic review of the adherence, uptake, translocation, and reduction of micro/nanoplastics in terrestrial plants


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Micro/nanoplastics are emerging agricultural pollutants globally. Micro/nanoplastics can adhere to terrestrial plant surfaces, be absorbed and transported by plants, and accumulate in the edible parts of plants, leading to the possibility of enrichment and transmission through the food chain and threatening human health. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. With increased studies on the internalization of micro/nanoplastics in terrestrial plants, a comprehensive and systematic review summarizing the current research trends and progress is warranted to provide a reference for further relevant research. Based on bibliometric analysis, this study focused on the mechanisms, study methods, and reduction techniques of micro/nanoplastics adherence, uptake, and translocation by terrestrial plants. The results showed that micro/nanoplastics can adhere to the surfaces of plant tissues such as seeds, roots, and leaves. Root uptake (root-to-leaf translocation) and foliar uptake (leaf-to -root translocation) are the two simultaneous internalization pathways of MNPs in plants. The observation methods included scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), pyrolysis -gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS), and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). We highlighted the necessity and urgency of reducing the uptake and translocation of MNPs by plants and found that the application of silicon may be a promising approach for reducing internalization. This study identifies current knowledge gaps and proposes possible future needs.
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Key words
Micro/nanoplastics,Terrestrial plants,Internalization,Uptake,Translocation,Reduction
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