Gene therapy in bestrophinopathies: Insights from preclinical studies in preparation for clinical trials

SAUDI JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY(2023)

引用 0|浏览1
暂无评分
摘要
The BEST1 gene encodes bestrophin-1, a homopentameric ion channel expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), where it localizes to the basolateral plasma membrane. Pathogenic variants in this gene can cause different autosomal dominant and recessive inherited retinal diseases (IRDs), collectively named "bestrophinopathies." These disorders share a number of clinical and molecular features that make them an appealing target for gene therapy. Clinically, bestrophinopathies are often slowly progressive with a wide window of opportunity, and the presence of subretinal material (vitelliform deposits and/or fluid) as a hallmark of these conditions provides an easily quantifiable endpoint in view of future clinical trials. From a molecular standpoint, most BEST1 pathogenic variants have been shown to cause either loss of function (LOF) of the protein or a dominant-negative (DN) effect, with a smaller subset causing a toxic gain of function (GOF). Both LOF and DN mutations may be amenable to gene augmentation alone. On the other hand, individuals harboring GOF variants would require a combination of gene silencing and gene augmentation, which has been shown to be effective in RPE cells derived from patients with Best disease. In this article, we review the current knowledge of BEST1-related IRDs and we discuss how their molecular and clinical features are being used to design novel and promising therapeutic strategies.
更多
查看译文
关键词
Best disease,BEST1,bestrophinopathies,gene therapy
AI 理解论文
溯源树
样例
生成溯源树,研究论文发展脉络
Chat Paper
正在生成论文摘要