Modeling of heat transfer in target material during the electron beam evaporation process

VACUUM(2024)

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Abstract
Numerical simulation provides a new method to study the heat and mass transfer behavior during the electron beam evaporation (EBE) process, which can obtain some physical quantities that cannot be accurately measured in experiments. In this study, a mathematical model is established to investigate the evaporation behavior, the variation of temperature field and flow field of target material during the EBE process, and verified through experiments. The results show that the evaporation rate of target material is extremely non -uniform on the molten pool surface, which the calculation error of the evaporation rate was 2.78 %. The solid -liquid interface obtained by numerical simulation is basically consistent with the experiment, which the calculation error of the molten pool depth was 3.57 % and the calculation error of the molten pool width was 1.18 %. In addition, the surface temperature and flow rate of the molten pool increased with the increase of the electron beam power, the depth and the width of the molten pool increased linearly with the increase of the electron beam power and then level off. The model can accurately describe the variations of temperature field and flow field during the EBE process, and then make reliable predictions based on the simulation results.
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Key words
Electron beam evaporation,Numerical simulation,Heat transfer
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