A survey of episode mining

WILEY INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEWS-DATA MINING AND KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY(2024)

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Abstract
Episode mining is a research area in data mining, where the aim is to discover interesting episodes, that is, subsequences of events, in an event sequence. The most popular episode-mining task is frequent episode mining (FEM), which consists of identifying episodes that appear frequently in an event sequence, but this task has also been extended in various ways. It was shown that episode mining can reveal insightful patterns for numerous applications such as web stream analysis, network fault management, and cybersecurity, and that episodes can be useful for prediction. Episode mining is an active research area, and there have been numerous advances in the field over the last 25 years. However, due to the rapid evolution of the pattern mining field, there is no prior study that summarizes and gives a detailed overview of this field. The contribution of this article is to fill this gap by presenting an up-to-date survey that provides an introduction to episode mining and an overview of recent developments and research opportunities. This advanced review first gives an introduction to the field of episode mining and the first algorithms. Then, the main concepts used in these algorithms are explained. After that, several recent studies are reviewed that have addressed some limitations of these algorithms and proposed novel solutions to overcome them. Finally, the paper lists some possible extensions of the existing frameworks to mine more meaningful patterns and presents some possible orientations for future work that may contribute to the evolution of the episode mining field.This article is categorized under:Algorithmic Development > Spatial and Temporal Data MiningAlgorithmic Development > Association RulesTechnologies > Association Rules
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Key words
episode mining,pattern mining,sequential data analysis,temporal data mining
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