LiSTA: Geometric Object-Based Change Detection in Cluttered Environments

Rowell Joseph, Zhang Lintong,Fallon Maurice

ICRA 2024(2024)

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摘要
We present LiSTA (LiDAR Spatio-Temporal Analysis), a system to detect probabilistic object-level change over time using multi-mission SLAM. Many applications require such a system, including construction, robotic navigation, long-term autonomy, and environmental monitoring. We focus on the semi-static scenario where objects are added, subtracted, or changed in position over weeks or months. Our system combines multi-mission LiDAR SLAM, volumetric differencing, object instance description, and correspondence grouping using learned descriptors to keep track of an open set of objects. Object correspondences between missions are determined by clustering the object's learned descriptors. We demonstrate our approach using datasets collected in a simulated environment and a real-world dataset captured using a LiDAR system mounted on a quadruped robot monitoring an industrial facility containing static, semi-static, and dynamic objects. Our method demonstrates superior performance in detecting changes in semi-static environments compared to existing methods.
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关键词
Robotics and Automation in Construction,Object Detection, Segmentation and Categorization,SLAM
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