Pharmacokinetics and apparent Michaelis constant for metabolite conversion of sorafenib in healthy and hepatocellular carcinoma-bearing rats.

Hongxin Cai,Xiaoyue Du, Yufeng Deng, Dejian Cao, Lele Wang, Zhiguo Wu,Xianchao Zhang, Jinbiao Xu,Baogang Xie


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Aim: Investigation of the pharmacokinetics of sorafenib (SRF) in rats with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: A reproducible ultra-HPLC-MS method for simultaneous determination of serum SRF, N-hydroxymethyl sorafenib and N-demethylation sorafenib. Results: Both the maximum serum concentrations (2.5-times) and the area under the serum concentration-time curve from 0 h to infinity (4.5-times) of SRF were observed to be significantly higher, with a greater than 3.0-fold decrease in the clearance rate in the HCC-bearing rats compared with these values in healthy animals. Further study revealed approximately 3.8- and 3.2-times increases in the apparent Michaelis constant for N-hydroxymethyl sorafenib and N-demethylation sorafenib conversions in the HCC-bearing rats. Conclusion: The low efficiency for the SRF conversions was a key contributor to the increased serum concentrations of SRF.
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