Experimental Investigation and Design of Novel Hollow Flange Beams under Bending

Jingya Xue,Shiliang Ma,Xiaomiao Chen,Qing Wu, Yifan Wang, Yunqing Wang,Muhammad Akbar,Ning Yang

Buildings(2024)

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Abstract
In this paper, a new type of assembling rivet-fastened rectangular hollow flange beams (ARHFBs) is proposed. The cross-section of the ARHFB consists of two U-shaped and C-shaped components connected by self-locking rivets to form two rectangular hollow flanges. To study the performance and strength of the ARHFB as a flexural member, eight four-point bending tests and more than 40 simulation studies were carried out. The details, results, and comparison of the four-point bending tests, especially the characteristics of the test bench and the lateral support, are presented in this paper. ARHFB sections with varied rivet spacing, web depth, and flange width were experimentally studied. Additionally, a parametric study of ARHFB was conducted using finite element models verified by test results. The influence of span on the loading capacity of ARHFB was discussed. ARHFB can be used in large-span buildings. A more economical ARHFB component selection method was given. The depth of the flange, the strength of the web, and the thickness of the web are important parameters of ARHFB. The loading capacity obtained from the test was compared with the predicted values of the design formulas in the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) and the Chinese design standard for cold-rolled steel (GB50018). The calculation and verification of ARHFB flange buckling and lateral torsional buckling were also considered. It is recommended that GB50018 be used to predict the flexural capacity of ARHFBs.
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Key words
cold-formed steel,experimental investigation,hollow flange beam,rivet-fastened
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