Single Dispersion of Fe(H2O)2-Based Polyoxometalate on Polymeric Carbon Nitride for Biomimetic CH4 Photooxidation.

Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)(2024)

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Direct methane conversion to value-added oxygenates under mild conditions with in-depth mechanism investigation has attracted wide interest. Inspired by methane monooxygenase, the K9Na2Fe(H2O)2{[γ-SiW9O34Fe(H2O)]}2·25H2O polyoxometalate (Fe-POM) with well-defined Fe(H2O)2 sites is synthesized to clarify the key role of Fe species and their microenvironment toward CH4 photooxidation. The Fe-POM can efficiently drive the conversion of CH4 to HCOOH with a yield of 1570.0 µmol gPOM -1 and 95.8% selectivity at ambient conditions, much superior to that of [Fe(H2O)SiW11O39]5- with Fe(H2O) active site, [Fe2SiW10O38(OH)]2 14- and [P8W48O184Fe16(OH)28(H2O)4]20- with multinuclear Fe-OH-Fe active sites. Single-dispersion of Fe-POM on polymeric carbon nitride (PCN) is facilely achieved to provide single-cluster functionalized PCN with well-defined Fe(H2O)2 site, the HCOOH yield can be improved to 5981.3 µmol gPOM -1. Systemic investigations demonstrate that the (WO)4-Fe(H2O)2 can supply Fe═O active center for C-H activation via forming (WO)4-Fea-Ot···CH4 intermediate, similar to that for CH4 oxidation in the monooxygenase. This work highlights a promising and facile strategy for single dispersion of ≈1-2 Å metal center with precise coordination microenvironment by uniformly anchoring nanoscale molecular clusters, which provides a well-defined model for in-depth mechanism research.
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