Resonating Valence Bond And Sigma-Charge Density Wave Phases In A Benzannulated Phenalenyl Radical

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY(2010)

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摘要
We report the preparation of the first benzannulated phenalenyl neutral radical conductor (18), and we show that the compound displays unprecedented solid state behavior: the structure is dominated by two sets of intermolecular interactions: (1) a T-chain structure with superimposed pi-overlap of the benzannulated phenalenyls along [0 0 1], and (2) an interchain overlap involving a pair of carbon atoms (C4) along [0 1 0]. The pi-chain-type stacking motif is reminiscent of previously reported phenalenyl radicals and the room temperature structure (space group P2/c) together with the conductivity of sigma(RT) = 0.03 S/cm and the Pauli-like magnetic susceptibility are best described by the resonating valence bond (RVB) model. The interchain interaction is unstable with respect to the formation of a a-charge density wave (sigma-CDW) involving pairs of C4 carbon atoms between adjacent radicals and this phase is characterized by the P2(1)/c space group which involves a doubling of the unit cell along the [0 1 0] direction. The RVB and CDW phases compete for structural occupancy throughout the whole temperature range (15-293 K) with the RVB phase predominating at 15 and 293 K and the sigma-CDW phase achieving a maximum structural occupancy of about 60% at 150 K where it produces clearly discernible effects on the magnetism and conductivity.
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magnetic susceptibility,room temperature
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