Sequence preference in DNA binding: de novo designed helix–turn–helix metallopeptides recognize a family of DNA target sites

Journal of biological inorganic chemistry : JBIC : a publication of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry(2006)

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The DNA-binding behavior and target sequences of two designed metallopeptides have been investigated with an iterative electrophoresis mobility shift assay followed by PCR amplification, and by circular dichroism spectroscopy. Peptides P3W and P5b were designed based on the structural similarity of the helix–turn–helix motif of homeodomains and the EF-hand motifs of calmodulin, as previously described for P3W. Like P3W, P5b binds both Eu(III) (K d=12.6±1.9 μM) and Ca(II) (K d=70±8 μM) with reasonable affinity. Binding selection from a library of randomized 8-mer DNA oligonucleotide sequences identified one target family for CaP5b [5′-pur-T-pur-G-(G/C)-3′], and two target sites for CaP3W [5′-(A/T)-G-G-G-(T/C)-3′ and 5′-A-T-(G/T)-T-G-3′]. Circular dichroism studies indicate that unlike EuP3W, EuP5b is poorly folded in the absence of DNA. In the presence of DNA containing target-binding sites for both peptides, both EuP3W and EuP5b increase in helical content, in the latter case significantly. These results suggest that EuP5b binding to target DNA involves an induced-fit mechanism. These small chimeric metallopeptides have been found to bind selectively to DNA targets, analogous to natural protein–DNA interactions. This corroborates our earlier conclusions (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125:6656, 2003) that sequence-preferential DNA cleavage by Ce(IV)P3W was due to sequence recognition.
calmodulin,circular dichroism,helix turn helix,protein dna interaction,binding site,structural similarity,circular dichroism spectroscopy,induced fit
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