Effect of Continuous Cooling Transformation Variations on Numerical Calculation of Welding-Induced Residual Stresses: Three continuous cooling transformation (CCT) diagrams for S355J2 steel were employed to study the effect of CCT variations on calculated residual stresses

Welding Journal(2010)

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Continuous cooling transformation (CCT) behavior affects the transient state of material properties employed in a numerical welding simulation, having a direct influence on the developing stress state. Three different CCT diagrams for S355J2 steel were employed to understand the influence of variations in CCT behavior on the numerical calculation of welding-induced residual stresses. The CCT diagrams were constructed from transformation data contained in the Sysweld software database, measured dilatometric data from Gleeble experiments, and transformation data calculated from the JMatPro software. The calculated transverse and longitudinal residual stress distributions provided a qualitative correlation only in comparison to experimental measurements, with the largest deviation occurring near the weld interface. Overall, the results indicate a weak dependency of the calculated residual stresses due to anticipated CCT variations. The most significant effect on the calculated residual stresses was shown to be related to the proportion of formed martensite. It is suggested that CCT data of approximate accuracy is sufficient for reliable calculation of welding-induced residual stresses.
residual stresses,simulation,gas metal arc welding,calculation,arc welding,residual stress
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