Path-Fault-Tolerant Approximate Shortest-Path Trees.

Colloquium on Structural Information & Communication Complexity(2015)

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摘要
Let G=V,E be an n-nodes non-negatively real-weighted undirected graph. In this paper we show how to enrich a single-source shortest-path tree SPT of G with a sparse set of auxiliary edges selected from E, in order to create a structure which tolerates effectively a path failure in the SPT. This consists of a simultaneous fault of a set F of at most f adjacent edges along a shortest path emanating from the source, and it is recognized as one of the most frequent disruption in an SPT. We show that, for any integer parameter kï¾ź1, it is possible to provide a very sparse i.e., of size Oknï¾źf1+1/k auxiliary structure that carefully approximates i.e., within a stretch factor of 2k-12|F|+1 the true shortest paths from the source during the lifetime of the failure. Moreover, we show that our construction can be further refined to get a stretch factor of 3 and a size of On logn for the special case f=2, and that it can be converted into a very efficient approximate-distance sensitivity oracle, that allows to quickly even in optimal time, if k=1 reconstruct the shortest paths w.r.t. our structure from the source after a path failure, thus permitting to perform promptly the needed rerouting operations. Our structure compares favorably with previous known solutions, as we discuss in the paper, and moreover it is also very effective in practice, as we assess through a large set of experiments.
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