A Comparison of the Dexamethasone Implant (Ozurdex®) and Inferior Fornix-based sub-Tenon Triamcinolone Acetonide for Treatment of Inflammatory Ocular Diseases.

OCULAR IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION(2019)

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摘要
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dexamethasone (DEX) implant compared with inferior fornix-based sub-Tenon triamcinolone injection (PSTA) for treatment of uveitis. Methods: A total of 48 eyes received DEX and 49 eyes received PSTA as the first treatment. Results: A total of 31 eyes were implanted with DEX relapsed (64.5%) after the first injection, while 32 eyes were injected with PSTA as the first treatment relapsed (65.3%). Kaplan-Meier estimated survival to overall relapse after the first injection was a mean 20 months +/- 3.6 months for DEX (median,7) and 14 months +/- 1.9 months (median,9) for the PSTA (P = 0.505). Of 49 eyes receiving the PSTA implant as the first treatment, inflammation persisted in 14.3% after the first injection but persisted in none after the DEX injection (P = 0.005). Conclusions: DEX implantation achieved a higher rate of disease control in the initial 12 weeks postinjection with a relative equivalence in the duration of effect and relapse rates when compared with PSTA.
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关键词
Ozurdex,sub-Tenon injection,triamcinolone,uveitis
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