Simultaneous subtyping and pathotyping of avian influenza viruses in chickens in Taiwan using reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification and microarray.

JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL SCIENCE(2016)

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摘要
The H6N1 avian influenza virus has circulated in Taiwan for more than 40 years. The sporadic activity of low pathogenic H5N2 virus has been noted since 2003, and highly pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza virus has been detected since 2008. Ressortant viruses between H6N1 and H5N2 viruses have become established and enzootic in chickens throughout Taiwan. Outbreaks caused by Novel highly pathogenic H5 avian influenza viruses whose HA genes were closely related to that of the H5N8 virus isolated from ducks in Korea in 2014 were isolated from outbreaks in Taiwan since early 2015. The avian influenza virus infection status is becoming much more complicated in chickens in Taiwan. This necessitates a rapid and simple approach to detect and differentiate the viruses that prevail. H6N1, H5N2 and novel H5 viruses were simultaneously subtyped and pathotyped in this study using reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification and microarray, with detection limits of 10°, 10(1) and 10° viral copy numbers, respectively. The microarray signals were read by the naked eye with no expensive equipment needed. The method developed in this study could greatly improve avian influenza virus surveillance efficiency.
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关键词
avian influenza virus, microarray, pathotyping, reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification, subtyping
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